ann (iPluertc^




C. H. EVELYN WHITE, f.s.a.,

Rtctor of I^mpton, CamimBst.


















i^otts auir ©utrtts




Mr. G. W. G. Barnard of Norwich has in his possession the first volume of the Proceedings of this Society, which records its objects and discussions for a period of six months. It is a 4to. book bound in green vellum, the paper bearing as part of its watermark the name “J. Coles.” The first page begins “Willm. Ward, Willm. Firth, John Watson, Willm. Watson, and John Pitchford being assembled at the house of John Watson, Jan. 2nd, 1793, it was unanimously resolved to organize themselves into a Society which, actuated by those principles of free Enquiry which give birth to the noblest energies of which the human mind is capable principles alike calculated to encourage the projecting spirit of the Mechanic, to stimulate the indefatigable investigations of the Philosopher agree to be subject ^ to such regulations as may be thought necessary to attain a methodical and determinate system of Discussion.

^ And because this Society are of opinion that it is the attribute

^ of weak and timid minds to pursue a partial and hesitating mode of Enquiry, subject to the restraints of religious prejudice, of political prepossession, and being determined to pursue what may appear to ? them to be the Truth, however it may clash with received Opinions, ^ they come to the Resolution of admitting a free and unlimited e discussion of every subject proposed by any member.

'• “And further, because this Society wish to avoid the incon¬ veniences inseparable from the ordinary mode of conversation, whether arising from the restraint of a partial and mixed company, or from the desultory and inconclusive manner in which questions are usually > agitated, submit themselves, and expect future members to conform, to the regulations which follow.”







The Rules enjoin that the Society shall be called the Tusculan School ; that a moderator be appointed to superintend each evening’s debate, the office falling to each member in rotation ; that a meeting be lield every Wednesday afternoon, at the house of tbe moderator for the day, at six o'clock, absent members to forfeit one shilling ; that the book in which the proceedings are to be entered shall be called the Tusculanuin. John Pitchford was appointed Secretary, and the first list of members comprises the names of William Firth, William Watson, John Watson, W. Ward (seceded May Ist, 1803), Ollyett Woodlioiise, Charles Marsh, Sami. C. Barnard; and the following also joined the same year Edward Dowling, jun., John Stuart Taylor, Charles Rogers Bund, William Taylor, John Houghton, Augustine Beevor, and Edward Rigby. Among the visitors or members for a short time only were Robert and John Woodhouse, James Alderson, Pendlelmry Houghton, John Fransham, Henry Kett, Hart, Linley, and Marsh, sen.

A John Pitchford was of Tom bland and 26, St. Giles’ Broad Street, surgeon, and he had a sou John, who was educated at St. Omer. This son is said, in The Gurneys of Earlham, to have been an intimate friend of that family, and that he afterwards carried on chemical works at Bow. There was a firm of Firth and Watson, merchants, at No. 68. Gildengate. A William Firth was >teward of Norwich in 1803. William Ward, gent., lived at Eaton. A John Watson lived at No. 1, St. Swithin’s Lane, and this ma)’ be the house in which the Society started. A John Watson was the responsible clerk at the Norwich Post Office, under Mr. Elisha De Hague. Charles Marsh was treasurer to the Bethel Hospital. Samuel C. Barnard was jiossibly one of the firm of merchants at 1 9, Botolph Street, or at 9, Muspole Street. James Alder^on was surgeon, at No. 39, St. George Colegate, Norwich, dying there in 18-18 ; while another of the same name was a schoolmaster, at No. 2, Unthank’s Court, Rampant Horse Lane. Ollyett Woodhouse was of the Temple, Barrister-at-Law, Judge Advocate in Bombay, his mother being si-ster to Robert Alderson, Esq , Recorder of Norwich. Dr. Edward Rigby, surgeon, was Mayor in 1805. Pendlebury Houghton was minister of the Octagon Chapel. John Fransham’s epitaph is last fading from the northern buttress of St. John Maddermarket Church tower. Linley or Lindle}’ is spelt both ways in the Proceedings, so that it might be either a Rev. Mr. Linley, a resident clergyman at that time ; or George Lindlej’ of the Nursery, ( atton, ancestor of Lord Lindley. One lady, Sarah Marsh, occasion* ally took part in the discussions.

The book contains reports of the discussions, either very fully reported or long digests; some of the subjects being “Would the inclosing of Waste Lands be beneficial to the Poor of the Country?” ; “Which is the most incompatible with the happiness of a Country Irreligion or Superstition ? ; Whether matter and mind be coeval ? if not, which is of greater antiquity?”; “After Colonies are in a productive state, is it not the Interest of the Mother Country to leave them entirely at their own disposal?”; “Is the clerical profession consistent with morality?”; “Do animals jiossess reason, and will

NOX£S A^'U QUiailES, ETC. 3

they, equally with man, exist in a future state ? ; Is suicide either criminal or immoral?” Seventeen meetings were held in the time covered by the book, and the foregoing list of subjects gives one an idea that this discussion Society had much courage to take up such extreme topics. Mr. Firth was the greatest extremist, his utterances being of a very forcible nature. At the close of each discussion a vote was taken, and the names are recorded as being for or against the opener’s proposition.

The Society or School went on for some time, and there must have been several minute books recording the after proceedings, which are probably in private possession. It would be interesting to learn from them when and how the Society foundered. A E R

Xoncich. _

Another Yeoman Brass (vol. viii. p. 367). The Rev. E. Farrer, Rector of Hinderclay, has given me a rubbing of a brass now (13 Nov., 1902) lying on the floor of the nave of Cavenham Church, Suffolk, affixed to its slab of blue stone. It measures 1 by 4 inches, and bears the following inscription :

Here l^eth bnr^eh the bohge of John ^Hmunt ^eomatt inho beceaaeb in the fagth of flDhvist the bage of

lauuarge . ^uno . §omtnt . 1588 0. F.

Bell Acre. In the vestry at Hinderclay Church, Suffolk, hangs a printed terrier of 14 Dec., 1870. The glebe includes One piece of

Land, called ‘Bell Acre,’ abutting on the Churchyard” . “Two

bell ropes yearly to be found out of this piece.” C. P.

Folk-lore: Sympathetic Cure. According to a local news¬ paper of 13th Nov., 1902, an ancient superstition is still current in Essex. At the Essex Autumn Assizes, opened at Chelmsford on 12th Nov., a man was prosecuted for stabbing another man through the fingers and on the arm with a knife, at Great Clacton, and according to a curious superstition in the district, it was believed as necessary for the recovery of the wound that the knife should be greased and laid across the bed whereon the prosecutor [stabbed with the knife] lay. Tliis was done, and it certainly happened that no serious results followed.

Scott alludes to this mode of cure in The Lay of the Last Minstrel,” canto 3, stanza 23, where the wounded Deloraine is tended by the Lady of Branksome Tower :

But she has ta’en the broken lance.

And wash’d it from the clotted gore.

And salved the splinter o’er and o’er.

William of Deloraine, in trance,

Whene’er she turn’d it round and round.

Twisted as if she gall’d his wound.”

Scott added some interesting notes in his appendix to the poem.

B 2





There are still some ways in the parish almost wholly obliterated and forgotten, wliich deserve attention. They are all marked on the Enclosure Award Map, and are dimly remembered by some old inhabitants : otherwise, the plough has done its work, and the coming generation will know nothing about them. Of these, two crossed the Brauditch at the same point, some quarter-mile distant from the head of the old Moor. This probably connotes that one was much more recent than the other, and crossed the ditch, at the passage already made by the other through its steep vallum. One of them is, if not Roman, at least ancient. This we will consider first.

(1) The “Old Walden Way.”

So-called on Enclosure Map. This way, entering the parish at the point above indicated, passed south-eastwards round the head of the little Moor,” formed by Fowlmere brook in Fowlmere dene. As it rose to the further Crowley hills it bore more easterly, and crossed old Norwich Way (Icknield Streef) close to the Harborough Hill tumulus, ill sight of Chrishall Grange. Along this stretch it is quite obliterated, but its course is preserved by the boundary of the parish from the Heydon junction along the Chrishall frontier. It then passed, as the present road, along the Grange Spinney into Diixford parish. It possibly thereafter bifurcated, one branch, possibly the main, going throiiuh Ickleton to Stump Cross, and so to Walden ; the other, possibly by Strethall and Littlebury to the same town. The fact that it was chosen as a boundary line for the parish, sufficiently indicates its antiquity. If, as I believe, it, or a branch of it, passed through Ickleton. some explanation is afforded of the confusion as to Icknield Way, for which its line would be easily mistaken. At any rate, whether it so passed, chiefly or in part, it is apparently the road which Babington notes as coming from Ickleton to Stump Cross.* The fact that it went to Walden, a connecting link and probable station in touch with {’olchester and Chelmsford, suggests this road as a Roman military way. This suggestion is corroborated by the fact that its extension to the west of Branditch brings it up against the Roman camp, which Beldam visited and described, f on the Port Way at Melbourn. This camp, from Beldam’s description, must have been a large one; and its situation only half-a-mile from Branditch. and commanding the Ashwell Street, which skirted it, as now the Port Way, with its ford acrttss our “river” near the mill, not only marks its importance, but suggests that it may even have been the site of Ostorius Scapula’s camp on the eve of his victory over the Iceni.

My own conclusions, as set forth in previous papers, are :

1. That the Britith way was Ashwell Street.

2. That Ashwell Street crossed our river at the mill.

3. That it was not protected by a vallum, unless the old baulk 100 yards within the “river” boundary were such.

Ancient Cambridgechire.

t Arefiaological Journal, vol. xxv. p. 31.



4. That Braiiditch, from the Moor head to Heydon Hill, was not pierced by any Britith road, but presented a solid front.

5. That the Icknield Street was the Roman road, and was made subsequent to the conquest of the Iceni by the Romans.

6. That the British inhabitants did not have villages on the duns or downs, but resided in the “round moats.” as seen to-day at Shepreth and Fowlmere. If these conclusions be correct, then Ostorius Scapula had no other line of advance open, eastward of the Chilterns, save Ashwell Street, or the open downs.

Presuming that he chose Ashwell Street as being the “road,” and commanding a water supply such as could not be found on the chalk downs, he would find himself confronted by (i) the river; (2) the moor; (3) on his right flank the steep and uncompromising rampart of Branditch ; (4) on his left flank the swampy ground on the river bank, right down to the Rhea. He would naturally camp and entrench himself while refreshing his troops, wearied by his forced marches, and to view the disposition of the enemy. At the same time, he would endeavour to conceal his own nrovements from the enemy. No better place than the site of this Melbourn camp could be desired. It was sufficiently far back to allow of circumventing the Moor on firm ground ; sufficiently near the ford to allow of his hurling his forces upon it ; and sufficiently screened from the enemy, by a slight elevation of the ground, to allow of his making his own dispositions unobserved. His infantry would be, no doubt, detached to make the attack against Bran-ditch on his right flank. The Moor and the left-flank swamps would need no disposition of his troops, save that of covering parties to guard against the onset of his amphibious enemy. His cavalry assault would be on the ford.

The site of the battle is unknown, and consequently there are diversities of opinions as to the locality, some inclining to Brent or Pampisford Ditch, because it is the shortest ; others to Fleam Dyke, as being the penultimate, and the hedging in of the enemy by their own defences necessitates, on the dyke theory, one other in their rear. The obliterated Bran-ditch, with its puludine extensions, is scarcely considered in the discussion. It will, however, be allowed, I think, that this forgotten ford on Ashwell Street can put in a claim for con¬ sideration. It is doubtful, if any of the ditches be the scene, whether a better case can be made out for any other locality. I throw out this as no more than a bare possibility : but at least the circumstances admirably tally with and illustrate the Annals of Tacitus, brief and crabbed as they are :

Hisque [7wni‘«] auctorihus circxmjeetce nationes locum pugna delegere septum aggresti aggere. [Bran-ditch, with its one, two, or more field banks, answers this as well as any other.]

et aditu angusfn, ne perutus equiti foret. ['I’he ford, flanked by swamps, is a narrow entrance, more probable, though not quite so dis¬ advantageous for cavalry as would be a gateway in a vallum. And it would give Ostorius, who had no chariots, just the advantage he required.]

ea munimenta dtuc Romanus . perrumpere aggreditur, et distrihutis



cohortihut tumuu quoqu$ peditum ad munia aecingit. [The cavalry, useless in front of the long vallum, would essay the ford : while the infantry breast the glacis.]

tunc data tigno perfringunt aggerem. [If the cavalry forced the ford, and so turned the flank of the enemy, the infantry, no matter how steep the ditch and vallum, would be relieved of pressure, and so be able to scale the rampart. The tigno data seems to imply au extended line.]

tuitque elautlrit impeditos turhant. atque illi .... ohieptit effugiis, multa et elara facinora fecere. [The usual opinion is that the fugitives were hedged in by the dykes in their rear. Now, Brent-ditch is some 5^ miles, as the crow flies, from Bran-ditch ; Fleam Dyke some 4^ miles beyond ; and the Devil’s Dyke about 6^^ miles beyond that. In these intervals the cavalry would have ridden down flying footmen long before they reached the next barrier, and those who were not so ridden down need not have jammed themselves through the gateways, but could have scrambled up the glacis to their friends on the tup ; for, if caught by cavalry on the edge of the fosse, an active Briton, unless the cavalry were armed with bows and arrows, could soon have placed himself out of reach of danger. It seems to me more reason¬ able that those tuit claustrit impediti .... ohseptit ejjugiit were not baffled by any rearward agger aggrettis, but by the ramparts of their round moats,” to which they would, from their propinquity, more readily betake themselves. These camps, probably fortified by a stockade on the top of the vallum, * would compel a congestion of fugitives in the gateways. Possibly Tacitus himself suggests such contingency by the use of the word clauttra, which was a military word connoting the key of a position ]

But no traces of the battle, no relics of the slaughter are known.” That argument, of course, acts as much against the venue of any of the dykes as against this. But, again, we may look at facts. From Bran to Devil’s Ditch the ground, with the apparent exception of part of Duxford Field, has been enclosed only within the last century. Yet, although chalk is a great preservative of remains, none have been turned up by the plough. In the locality which I suggest as possible, there was the Great Moor with its extended swamps, as well as the swamps along Fowlmere brook, only half-a-mile beyond, to swallow the dead and to rot the relics of battle. Further, with small exceptions,! the scene of conflict, if it were fought here, has unbroken surface ; the greater part of the Moor, though drained, is uncultivated ; from the Moor to the “round moats’’ lies a stretch of immemorial pasture. This was undoubtedly the pratum of Domesday : and, if then, no doubt it was pasture through most, or all, of the Saxon occupation. There are possibilities, I can call them no more, under our Fowlmere turf. The other ways must be explored another time.

Foxclmtre Rectory. A. C. YoHKE.

* See Kemble’s Setxone in England.

t One of these exceptions, a patch of ground on the edge of the Moor and Copt Hill, yielded, a few years ago, a number of bones, “apparently human leg bones the tenant told me. Further, a top of Farthing (Fawdon) Hill is a trench of darker mould than that of the field. Some years ago it was tested by the owner for a short distance. A few bits of bone were, I understand, discovered ; nothing else.




St. Mary at the Tower, Ipswich.

This, the principal church in the town, was almost entirely rebuilt about 1870 in a handsome and costly manner, at the expense of O. C. E. Bacon,' Esq., an Ipswich banker, who lies buried under a handsome tomb on the north side of the churchyard.

It now comprises chancel with aisles, and north vestry, clerestoried nave, aisles, and lofty south-west tower, surmounted by a handsome spire. The tower contains a good peal of twelve bells, and its lowest storj’ forms the principal entrance to the building, though there is a richly-carved western doorway to the nave.

Very little of the old work remains, except the arcnding of the aisles, and the architectural style is mainly Perpendicular, with some admixture of Decorated. The chancel is enclosed by a modern carved oak rood-screen and double parcloses, part of the latter being ancient, and in them the old stalls with carved miserere* have been refixed. The walls of the sacrarium are panelled with carved oak, and the reredos is a picture of the Crucifixion with adoring angels, all set in richly carved canopy work, painted and gilt. The stone canopies of the sedilia on the south have also been coloured to harmonize. There is a handsomely-carved octa^^onal oak pulpit, attributed to Grinling Gibbons, on the north side of the nave. Near the tower doorway stands the ancient Perpendicular stone font, with panels sunk in its eight sides, each having a carved lion passant, the mouldings being adorned with little quartrefoils. At the angles of the bowl are little pinnacles rising from male and female heads sculptured at the lower corners, the underside being carved with grapes and foliage. Lions sejant are placed at four corners of the shaft, with pinnacled buttresses between. The font is raised on three steps, the risers of two of them panelled with quatrefoils, and it is furnished with a crocheted canopied cover.

Two bench ends at the west ei>d of the church have ancient carvings at their elbows two dragon-like creatures and two seated figures of tonsured clerics vested in alb and dalmatic, reading from books open upon their knees.

There is an old carved chest in the church, behind the font, now used to contain the bread for a parish dole On the ends of the modern Corporation benches are carved the borough crest and supporters, and the Ipswich arms are emblazoned on a shield below the wrought-iron holders for the mace, &c.

Well-intentioned as the work of restoration in this church has been, one could wish that it had been carried out in a less sweeping manner. Scarcely a monument remains in its original place, and almost all the ledger slabs have been cast out into the churchyard, to be replaced by a tile pavement— even the brasses have been relaid or fastened in the walls.

There are four stones in the chancel whose brasses may be thus described :

1. A notary {e. 1475, engraved in Boutell’s Monumental Brasses),



He is in a gown that reaches nearly to the ankle, the sleeves loose, and his hands joined in prayer. The gown is confined at the waist by a belt, from which on his right side are suspended his pencase and ink bottle. A long scarf fastened at his left shoulder, and reaching in front nearly to the ground, is attached to a stiff-looking roundle of cloth on the shoulder, from which the cloth hood hung down behind. He is clean shaven, and the hair removed from the forehead level with the ears in a semicircle, while it is cropped all round just below the ears. On his breast is a scroll ;

Eeposita est hec spes mea i sinu meo Sea trinitas vn’de’ miserere mei.

He wears low shoes laced on the inside, and stands amid scattered human bones.

2. A man with his two wives (c. 1500). He is in a gown reaching to his feet, with wide border of fur in front, and a broad edging of the same on his very full sleeves. His face is shaven, and his hair, parted in the middle, is cut straight across the forehead, aud falls nearly to the shoulders. His hands are in prayer, showing a tight sleeve at the wrist, and his shoes are broad-toed.

His wives, on each side, are turned inwards toward him, and are habited exactly alike, in dresses fitting close to the body, but with ample skirts arranged in folds around their feet with a narrow fur bordering. Deep cuffs of the same material are reflexed upon their closely-cut sleeves. Each has a loose girdle fastened with three rose¬ shaped clasps, from which a pendant hangs by a long double chain. They wear the kennel headgear, with long lappets reaching to the shoulders. Hands in prayer.

(The broken matrix of this brass in the north churchyard shows that it had a border inscription, and two shields in the top corners of the stone).

3. A lady with her two husbands and family. She stands in a prayerful attitude in the centre, robed in a plain gown with tight sleeves and fur cuffs, a girdle round her waist, one end of which, passed through a large buckle and embellished with an ornamental chape, hangs nearly to the ground. She wears a neat head-dress of folded drapery, reaching to the shoulder. From her mouth proceeds a prayer "scroll : Sps sete deus miserere nobis.

Her first husband, a notary, on her left hand, wears a long wide¬ sleeved gown reaching to his heels, lined and collared with fur. From the left side of his belt hang his penner aud inkpot, and on the other side his gipsire is attached. His face is shaven, and his hair brushed down and cut across the forehead, descending at the sides to his shoulders. The figure is turned somewhat inward towards his wife, his hands in prayer. The shoes are large aud broad. His prayer is : Fili redemtor mudi . s.

The second husband’s figure is very similar, but it is, of course, turned in the opposite direction. His gown sleeves are lined and bordered with fur, and appear to be slit in the upper arm. He wears simply a gipsire suspended at his belt in front. His ejaculatory scroll is Seta trinitas vnus d .



Below the figure runs this inscription, in Gothic type :

Of youre charite pray for the soull of Alys late the wyfe of Thomas Baldry Marchaut sumtyme | the wyfe of Master Robert Wymbyll Notari which Alys decessid the iiij"' day of August the yere of oure | Ijord one thoussand ccccc vj on whose soul ihu haue mercy and on all cristin soullis amen. |

Under the lady are ranged a group of five daughters, standing in prayer arranged like their mother, but without girdles, four bare¬ headed with hair unbound, and the eldest in a stiflF penthouse head¬ dress ; their faces towards their four brothers, who are engraved on a separate plate beneath Robert Wymbyll. Like their father they wear long gowns, but without belt and appendages. Below Baldry’s figure is another plate, with the arms of the Mercer' » Company impaling his own merchant’s mark.

4. A man and two wives (c. 1518) standing upon a mutilated bracket. Ue is in a long wide gown with capacious sleeves, having openings in the upper arm. A gipsire or purse hangs from his waist in front, and his low shoes have no heels, and are fastened by a strap across the instep. He is shaven, and wears his hair reaching to the shoulders.

The wife on his right side is habited in a gown cut close to the body, but with amply folded skirts. Her bodice is cut square at the neck and laced up the front, the elbows are set out from the body, the wrists finished off with wide cuffs. Her waist is encircled by a girdle of some pliable material fastened in front with a trefoil clasp, from which hangs a pincushiou (perhaps a pomander box) of circular form. Her head is lost.

The other wife, a similar figure, also turned inward towards her husband, has her bodice not laced, but fastened up the front. Her girdle is apparently of engraved metal, and has an ornamental lozenge¬ shaped clasp enclosing a quatrefoil. She wears a penthouse” hood witli long lappets, and a large embroidered caul behind.

Ill the centre of the ciisped bracket, on which they stand, is a circle containing a quatrefoil, within which is a shield displaying a merchant’s mark. The lower part of the bracket is lost, but it rose from an inscription plate, now also lost, upon which were plates still remaining. On the right hand are two sons dressed like their father, save for tiieir girdle and purse, the younger with hands raised, but not joined. On the other plate are three daughters, habited like the ladies, standing on a tiled pavement. Their girdle pendants are all of different patterns, and the elder girl wears a pedimental head-dress. The next has her hair loose, flowing down her back, with no covering to be seen, while the youngest wears a short hood without any lappets over her streaming hair, and her hands are raised, but not joined, in devotion. At the top of the stone is a plate with a different rendering of the Ipswich arms from tliat usually seen, thus : three lions passant, dimidiated with three hulls of ships, as in the arms of Winehelsea. This is believed to be the monument of Thomas Urayles, merchant, and his brass was originally on the same stone (before mentioned as being now in the churchyard), side by side with Wymbyll’s.




There appears to have been a close intimacy, or perhaps relation- ship between the two families, as Robert Wymbyll the notary, his 1

wife Alice and her boys, especially her son John, are mentioned in the will of John, father of Thomas Drayles. ^

In 1899 the writer restored to this church a small brass shield (a y<

cross compony impaling a saltire) that he obtained from a curiosity shop in Norwich, and which he had reason to suppose came originally from St. Mary le Tower, on the understanding that it should be replaced in the church. With it was also a broken half-shield of later date.

H. W. Birch.

( To he continued).


St. Nicholas Church, Brighton (the Cemetery to THE West of the Church).

(1) Raised tlah. William Haggard Esq' | of Bi adenham Hall I Norfolk I Died at Brighton j 30“" March A.l). 1843 | Aged 59 years |

(2) Ileadstone. Sacred | to the memory of | Clara Ann | the beloved daughter of | William Frederick | and Catherine Brown | of Leytonstone Essex | who departed this life | June 28“' 1830 | aged 3 years and 3 months |

(3) Headstone. Sacred j to the memory of | Lucy Eliza | widow of I Alexander George Mackay Esq' | late of Bagthorpe Hall Norfolk

I only daughter of John Jones Esq" | and Lucy Fowler his wife | eldest daughter and co-heiress of [ Sir William Fowler Bart. | of Harnaye Grange Shropshire | who both lie interred in the | old Church of this Parish | She died at S‘ Leonards on Sea | November 16“' 1842 Aged 86 years | most deeply and deservedly' lamented | by her sorrowing family | and a large circle of friends | She fell asleep in the arms | of her children | Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord j

(4) Headstone. Sacred | to the memory of | Joanna wife of | William King [ born at Lowestoft | on the 3'“ of March 1806 | Died at Brighton | on the 16“' of December 1848 |

(5) Headstone. Sacred | to the memory of 1 the Rev^ Alfred Spalding | late of Trinity College Cambridge | who departed this life May 26“' 1846 | in the 32"'* year of Ins age after a long | and painful illness which he bore with | exemplary patience and re-^ig- nation | Alfred Bailey Bevan Spalding | Son of the above died suddenly at the age | of 12 months May 29‘*‘ 1846. three days | after his Father, leaving the distressed widow | to mourn the loss of her husband and her | only child | They were lovely and pleasant in their

I lives and in their deaths they were not divided |

(6) Altar slab. In memory of M' James Gall | late of Epping Forest | who died in Brighton | on the 23'“ of August 1819 | aged 79




years | (a quotation now ilUgihU) \ And of Anne | Belict of the above I who died ‘23''* November 1832 | aged 7K years |

(7) Headstone. Sacred | to the memory of ] Isabella Simpson | of Wood House East Ham Essex | Died 9^ February 1842 | aged 17

years |

(8) Altar slab. To | the memory of | Emma | youngest daughter of I the late M' John Turner | of Walthamstow Essex ( who died | the 23"* day of January 1844 ] aged 48 years | Also of | M' John Barnard Turner | of Walthamstow | Brother of the above | who died

I the 18**“ of December 1850 | aged 69 years |

(9) Altar slab. Sacred | to the memory of ] William Manbey Esq' I late of Stratford Grove Essex | who departed this life Decem¬ ber 20*** I 1846 I in the 73^^ year of his age ( Also of Sarah I widow of the above | who departed this life February 21'* | 1862 | in the 79*** year of her age |

(10) Altar slab. To the memory of | Sarah Sewell I the eldest daughter of the late | M' Robert Sewell | of Bury S* Edmunds | formerly of Wymondham | Norfolk | Born 12**’ May 1794 | Died 7***

June 1817 |

J. Lottth Cleuence.



1792, June 2l8t, the vicar appointed John English, a member of the Established Church and a parishioner, to be clerk. He was afterwards approved by the church¬ wardens and others, and he agreed to pay the widow of the late clerk 2i. 6d. per week for the remainder of her life. John South Horse * with others signed the accounts for 1790-91.

June nth, 1793, it was agreed to ask the Lord Bishop to consecrate the piece of ground lately added to the graveyard, and in October it was agreed to erect a temporary building on the south side of the new piece of ground next the wall dividing it from the ground in the possession of Mr. Samuel Colkett, for the reception of the Lord Bishop and his requisite attendants, at the consecration ceremony.

1794, June 27th, £135. 13«. 8(f., then in the Bank of Messrs. Harvey and Hudson, was ordered to be paid as part of the purchase-money of the addition to the churchyard. This the vendors declined to accept, and at a farther meeting on August 7th, 1794, Mr. Hardy’s offer to lend the remainder of the principal and interest then due was received, and the receipt of the principal and interest, £364. lit. is attested by Messrs. Foster, Son, & XJnthank. The vestry agreed to pay Mr. Hardy £5 per cent, per annum for the loan.

1796-7. General De Lancey was responsible for the barracks in this parish, which were then empty.

1797, Jan. 25th, Mr. Wm. "Wells is vestry clerk, and the vestry directs that he be paid two guineas per year, instead of one ; and that a gratuity of one guinea be given Mr. Robert I’arraman, one of the constables of the parish, for his extra¬ ordinary care in obtaining information as to removals of the parishioners.

Morse, Oent., was a ratepayer in St. Stephen's previous to 1770 ; Anne Morse, widow, paid in 1777 ; and J. South Morse began to pay in 1782, be then living at 14, Surrey Street. John South Morse of Bracondale died in 1816. His son was named South Morse, and his grandson John South Morse. The latter’s son is the Rev. Anthony South Morse. Rector of Caistor and Rural Dean of the western division of Brooke Deanery. John Morse lived in Upper Surrey Street, and was an alderman. In All Saints’ Church there is a memorial tablet to John Morse, £^., who died Nov. 29th, 1887, aged 92 ; also to Sarah his wife, who died June 24tb, 1^, aged 06.



1799, Sunday, Nov. .Ird. Be it remembered that William Stevenson, Esq., one of the present sheriffs of the city of Norwich, and an inhabitant of this parish, has made the parish a present of the elegant painting work on glass, representing the figure of Saint Stephen under a Gothic canopy, with a base of the same, which is fixed into the centre of the east window of the church of the said parish of St. Stephen.” Signed, Henry Carrington, vicar; Sami. Crakanthorp, Thos. Barber, churchwardens.

1799, Watchmen’s great coats cost £5. 1*., and Mr. Gaze was paid 6*. for

binding a prayer-book. The glazier's bill was £16. 5i. £30 was paid Mr. Hardy

off his loan of £130, borrowed to buy the addition to the churchyard. Mr. Wells was also paid £16 on account of the parish watch.

1800, 17th Oct. The last £10 of Mr. John Bowde’s legacy was lent to Francis Smith of this parish, cooper ; his surety being Mr. William Webster of St. Simon's parish, innkeeper. Lent for five years without interest. 1806 is written in pencil Mneath the memorandum, but it is not said there that the money was repaid.

1800- 1. Lieut. White. 13th Light l)rag;oon Guards, was rated for a stable. Colonel Browne, Captain James Brownson, Captain Marriott, and Lieut. White refused to pay parochial rates. In several of the years alwut this time there was a great massing of troops in the eastern counties.

1801, Jan. 7th. A wall separating the churchyard from property of Mr. Stephen tioore on the west, having partly fallen down, Messrs. Sewell & Blake, solicitors, made application to the churchwardens to reinstate it. Mr. Moore said the parish had whitewashed it, as if it were theirs, but in the end he accepted the responsibility of rebuilding it.

1801. Be it remembered that on Tuesday, March lOth, in pursuance of an

Act of Parliament for the express purpose of taking an exact numerical account of the population of the United Kingdom, the churchwardens and overseers of this parish proceeded to number the inhabitants, &c., according to such Act, and the total amount of their respective returns were found to be as follows, viz. :

'* Inhabited houses, 509 ; uninhabited ditto, 32 ; total, 541 ; which were occupied by 673 families, amounting to 2211 persons, whereof were 911 males and 1300 females, being at the rate of 4| persons to each house, of which number of persons, 8 were employed in agriculture, 1453 in trade, manufactures, and handicrafts; and 700 not comprised in any of those classes. Ja* Goodwin Overseer

1801, March 30th, new feoffees were appointed for the parish property, viz., the Mill Close, without St. Stephen's Gates, in the occupation of William Botwright and others, certain houses in Surrey Street, in the occupation of Mrs. Mary Ives and others, and the .Alms Houses near St. Stephen’s Gates, in the occupation of William Beevor and others. The twelve feoffees (old and new) being John Patteson, William Taylor, Daniel Fromanteel. Robert Harvey the younger. Esqrs. ; John Staniforth Patteson, Gent. ; Wm. Wells, Gent. ; Henry Francis, Gent. ; Thos. Barber, Gent. ; James Hardy, grocer ; George Hardy, g;rocer ; John Norgate, grocer; and James Adams, coachmaker.

1801- 2. Paid Balls’s bill for breakfasts, dinners, &c., on going round the parish to be informed who would bear arms, £2. 16*.

1803- 4. Of Miss Silke and Mr. Watts an annual payment of 6<f. each for liberty of passage through their private gates into the churchyard. Matthews, glazier, took £22. 10*. 6<<. ; and Lyng, bricklayer, £16. 13*. 3d. Paid Mr. Georg;e Hardy the balance due to him on account of the army of reserve, £1. 10«. lOd.

1804- 5. Harper paid for procuring a man for Army of Reserve and sundries, £7. 16*.

1805, Feb. 18th.* The clergy having applied to Parliament for a general assessment on the city, a vestry’ meeting was held, and it was resolved, That it is the opinion of this meeting that such application is precipitate and unfounded,” and ** That this city, burthened with the maintenance of a numerous and un¬ employed poor, is unable to endure any further local imposition.” This was witnessed by nearly fifty parishioners.

* The poverty of the city clergy was felt